Each year, it seems as if I focus more attention on something I feel is lacking in my classroom. In previous years this has been things like technology, cooperative learning, and assessment. This year, I tried to think of something that I thought was of utmost importance for the success of my students in light of the Common Core. So, I’ve decided this year’s focus is fostering creativity and engaging students through curiosity.
I first started thinking about how to engage students in my classroom through curiosity after I had the opportunity to listen to Ramsey Musallam speak at the Chicago Tech Forum this year. Here is a short TED talk from him, similar to the one he gave in Chicago:
So, the first day of school this year, before I introduced myself or talked about class or anything, I put up this picture and asked students to estimate the weight of the soap. (This was taken from the website Estimation 180 which has 180 different things to estimate, one for each day of the year.)
After approximately 1 minute, I moved on to my next slide introducing myself, without telling students the actual weight of the soap. In each class, some students looked around at others or got weird looks on their faces. It always led to a conversation something like this:
Student: Are you going to tell us the answer?
Me: Why? Does it really matter to you to know whether or not your answer is correct? Does the weight of soap really affect you?
Student: No! But Knowing whether or not I’m correct does bother me!
Me: Of course it does! You’re curious!
I then explained to students that I was going to try to use this to my advantage throughout the year. (For those of you feeling uncomfortable right now, the 16 bars of soap weighed 4 pounds.)
Another strategy I am using is to try and not give students the question I am asking. I achieve this through pictures and videos, often from the website 101 Questions. Here is an example of one from last year.
When the video was finished, did you ask yourself, “When are they the same height?” I feel this is mathematics in its truest form-looking at a situation and trying to use mathematical concepts and properties in order to find when they are the same height. (Again, if you are curious, it occurs when there are 7 cups in each stack.)
Activities like this lead me to my second focus: creativity. When I propose this situation, I allow students to find the answer however they would like. I give them all of the dimensions they need, but I don’t give them cups. The reason for this is that if we just stack them until we see at 7 they are the same height, there wasn’t a whole lot of mathematics occurring. Instead, students use lots of different strategies in order to solve the problem. Some draw pictures, others subtract lengths lots of times, and yet others use a system of equations in order to find the answer.
I also see student creativity in my algebra class this year when we have to come up with a scenario that would fit the graph of a linear piecewise function. We first watched this Dan Meyer video and graphed his elevation vs. time.
The students exceeded my expectations on this. There were so many scenarios from slides to short roller coasters. One of my favorites was a man rock climbing, getting stuck twice, falling, hitting the ground, and then rolling down a hill. It was so great. The kids were laughing and competing for the best story, and, in the end, very engaged in the lesson.
Now comes the daily challenge of finding a way to make as many mathematical concepts as I can encourage curiosity and creativity in my students. So far, students seem to be having a lot of fun and even talk about the things they see outside of my class that make them think about mathematics. Until next time, stay creative and curious.